Before 21th century, many countries live under the rule and policy from more powerful nation. Some country/ kingdom were so powerful so that they could expand their territory to other nations or kingdom and take huge advantages from it. Next , here`s the list of 10 biggest empire in history
10. Portuguese Empire – 10.4 million km2
Portuguese is known as one of the first global empire on earth. Their colonization started from capture of Ceuta in 1415 in Africa until the handover of Macao back to China in 1999. Portuguese territory was around 10.4 million km2 for 6 centuries.from the map you know how big it was
9. Abbasid Caliphate – 11.1 million km2
Abbasid Caliphate was 3rd Islamic Caliphates. Abbasid Caliphate or Abbasid dynasty was centered in Baghdad. Abbasid Caliphate ruled 11.1 million km2 of land for 150 years before Turkish army (the Mamluks) began to rise its struggle. From 1258-1261, Mongol dynasty, Hulagu Khan, struck Baghdad and they end the whole story of Abbasid Caliphate.
8. French Colonial Empire – 12.3 million km2
French Colonial Empire started its expansion from 1600s to the late 1960s. Total area that they colonized was12,347,000 km² (4,767,000 sq. miles) and the top of glory was in 1920s and 1930s where total amount of land under French government hit 12,898,000 km² (4,980,000 sq. miles). From 1960-1970, most France empire`s colonies freed from its colonization ,and today, total territory of French is only 123,150 km² (47,548 sq. miles)
7. Umayyad Caliphate – 13.0 million km2
Umayyad Caliphate was 2nd Islamic Caliphate after the death of Prophet Muhammad. Umayyad Capiphate/ Umayyad Dynasty led by Umayya ibn Abd Shams and the dynasty located their center of government in Damascus. Their territory stretch 13.0 million km2 from Mecca to Turkey
6. Yuan Dynasty – 14.0 million km2
Yuan Dynasty or also known Great Yuan Empire was a ruling dynasty from Mongolia to China, from 1271 to 1368. In Chinese history, the Yuan Dynasty continued Song Dynasty and was preceded by the Ming Dynasty. A Famous Yuan Dynasty ruler was Kublai Khan and the dynasty itself was found by his own grandfather ,Genghis Khan. Under the rule of Kublai khan , Yuan Dynasty controlled the whole policy of 14.0 million km2 area
5. Qing Empire, China – 14.7 million km2
The Qing Dynasty or Manchu Dynasty was the last powerful dynasty in China. The dynasty was ruling from 1644 until 1912 (with a brief, unsuccessful restoration in 1917). The Dynasty was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and after it collapsed, the ruling was continued by the Republic of China
Qing Dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in northeast China or Manchuria. Starting in 1644, their territory was expanding deep to China mainland. Complete peace treaty of China was achieved around 1683s under the rule of Kangxi Emperor.the Qing Dynasty declined in the mid-19th century when it was subverted by the Xinhai Revolution, on February 12, 1912.
4. Spanish Empire – 20.0 million km2
The Spanish Empire colonized and administrated Spain in Europe, the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania.
In the top of its glory, Spanish Empire was known as one of the largest empires in world history, and one of the long-lasting empires on earth. It lasted from the 15th century up to 20th century. During the Spanish Golden age, the Spanish Empire constituted Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, most of Italy, parts of France ,parts of Germany, most territories of Africa, Asia and Oceania, plus chunk areas in North and south Americas. By the 17th century Spain governed an empire of – 20.0 million km2 territorial and it had never been done by any of its predecessors before.
3. Russian Empire – 23.7 million km2
The Russian Empire was a nation that existed since 1721 until , the Russian Revolution ,1917. It was preceded by Tsardom of Russia and after its fall, the power of Russian Empire was continued by the Soviet Union. At its golden era in 1866, Russian empire stretched from eastern Europe, all across Asia, and North America.The total territory was 23.7 million km2
2. Mongol Empire – 33.0 million km2
The Mongol Empire was a giant state in 13th and 14th century.
The territory was spanning from Eastern Europe to Asia. Mongol Empire came out from the unification of Mongol and Turkic tribes and it grew through invasions.
After Genghis Khan proclaimed his kingship in 1206. Land of Mongol Empire stretched from the Danube to the Japan ocean and from the Arctic land to Cambodia. The total area was 33,000,000 km2 (12,741,000 sq mi) or 22% of the Earth’s total land area.
The land of Mongol Empire was a home of over 100 million people from many different cultures
1. British Empire – 33.7 million km2
The British Empire constituted or administered by the United Kingdom and it was established in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its golden era, British empire was known as the biggest empire in history and in the world. By 1922, the British Empire had governed 458 million people and colonized more than 13,000,000 square miles (33,670,000 km2) area or roughly 25% of the Earth’s land area.